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    Donald Fagen & the Nightflyers

    790e9e2836d341249cff542d64d549a6Donald Fagen loves jazz. Since 1972, his songs co-written with Steely Dan co-founder Walter Becker have been laced with jazz instrumentals and chord voicings. The same goes for Donald's four solo albums. Jazz greats such as Wayne Shorter, Phil Woods and Pete Christlieb, to name just a few, have been featured on Steely Dan and Donald's solo recordings. And when he's at home with down time, Donald tells me he's often at the piano doing Red Garland imitations. "Have you heard Red's Soul Junction?" he asked me recently "Coltrane is so great it's like he was let out of a cage." Big time.

    It was mind-blowing, as you can imagine. First, the Nightflyers (named after Donald's first solo album, The Nightfly, in 1982) are young, polite long-haired monsters. They know Donald's music inside and out and they bring enormous energy, power and freshness to the material.


    Earlier this month, Donald invited me up to Woodstock, N.Y., to hear him rehearse his new summer backup band. Starting Aug. 3, Donald and the Nightflyers will begin a two-month tour of the U.S. and Japan. Walter wanted a light summer, but Donald still wanted to tour. Apparently there's little profit to be made now by artists recording albums.

    So I rented a car, grabbed Donald's solo CDs for the ride, and drove two hours north of New York City to the Catskill Mountains. Music writers rarely get this type of access to Donald, and the experience was electrifying, to say the least. The results of my trip and interview are in today's Wall Street Journal (go here).

    When I arrived at the Levon Helms Studios in the woods of Woodstock, there were just a few cars parked in the gravel drivewaScreen Shot 2017-07-26 at 7.55.20 PMy. Once inside, I could see Donald and the five Nightflyers out on the back porch through the glass door. Donald stuck his head in. "Marc? Come on out."

    On the spacious back porch, the band was taking a break from a day-long rehearsal. Four of the five guys are in their 20s—guitarist Connor Kennedy, organist Will Bryant, bassist Brandon Morrison and drummer Lee Falco. Only Zach Djanikian, the newly added saxophonist, guitarist and harmony singer, is 32. Introductions were made, and five minutes after some small talk, the Nightflyers went back inside to their instruments. [Photo of Connor Kennedy, above, courtesy of Suze72]

    Donald lingered outside for a few minutes to chat jazz—Sonny Rollins, Bud Powell and Thelonious Monk. Dressed in a gray-blue Henley T-shirt, dark jeans and gray sneakers, Donald was without his signature pair of dark stage sunglasses.

    Inside, Donald invited me to sit on a metal folding chair about 20 feet from the band. He sat behind a Yamaha electric keyboard, and for the next two hours, the band rehearsed 10 songs: Four of them (Miss Marlene, Green Flower Street, Countermoon and New Frontier) were from Mr. Fagen’s solo albums. The band also dipped into the Steely Dan songbook (Green Earrings, Bad Sneakers, Home at Last and Dirty Work), and they covered the Rolling Stones’ Beast of Burden and the Beatles’ I’ll Cry Instead.

    It was mind-blowing, as you can imagine. First, the Nightflyers (named after Donald's first solo album, The Nightfly, in 1982) are young, polite long-haired monsters. They know Donald's music inside and out and they bring enormous energy, power and freshness to the material. There are no preconceptions of the music or college nostalgia. These guys were born in the 1990s.

    Second, Donald is one of the most important singer-songwriters in the post Lennon-McCartney era, at least if you have jazz-soul ears. And third, the music doesn't get any more intimate than listening to Donald and five talented musicians at work on epic songs. Best of all, we were the only ones in the space.

    Here are a few things Donald said that didn't make it into my WSJ piece...

    Q. At home, do you ever sit at the piano and play in the style of Red Garland?

    A. Yeah, I amuse myself doing Red Garland imitations, though I can’t quite do all the things he did on the keyboard. He had an amazing sense of time and space, of course, and he could break into a block-chord style that was similar to Milt Buckner, who first started doing that.

    Q. What's the difference between your solo songs and your Steely Dan work?

    A. My songs are more personal and autobiographical. Steely Dan’s songs are more journalistic or satire in a more blatant sort of way.

    Q. Most audiences sing along in unison with you in concert, especially on My Old School and Show Biz Kids. Do you mind?

    A. Yeah, actually that’s not my favorite thing when they sing along. I mean I want them to enjoy the show however they can, but there’s something faintly disturbing about the whole audience singing along with you. It has this fascist tinge (laughs).

    Q. You really enjoy playing and singing your songs. What are you enjoying most?

    A. When I’m playing, it’s space in which I can be free. The truth is I don’t really like singing that much. I think I’m not really a natural performer as a signer. I guess being a jazz fan, my idea of a great singer is someone like Billy Eckstine. Some guy with amazing pipes and tone. I don’t know if I fully accept myself as a, quote, singer. I have to work really hard to sing. I’ve had friends like Phoebe Snow and Mike McDonald. Singing seems to come so naturally to them. For me, I feel like I have to put a lot of energy into singing to sell it.

    Q. Watching you from behind for two hours, I noticed you like to let your left arm spring up and come down on the keyboard as if it’s made of marshmallow.

    A. It’s funny, that’s true. I get that rubbery feeling when I’m playing. But I’m not thinking about it. It’s almost supernatural. I wonder if other players have that feeling. Thelonious Monk sounds rubbery to me. He can play in between the notes. John Bunch had that feeling. It’s just pure intuition. Since I wasn’t musically trained as a child, I had to make it up myself. When you do that, it’s more an expression of your personality. Blues players like Jay McShann give you that feeling. Also Basie and Bud Powell, even though Bud had impeccable technique at the top of his game. Monk plays with his elbows sticking out at right angles to his body. It’s like any country blues player physically expressing the music.

    Q. What are you most proud of about your music for Steely Dan?

    A. Aside from the actual songs and material, I’m proud that Walter and I introduced a lot of people to jazz. We were a kind of a bridge for our fans eventually becoming jazz fans. Since the bebop era, jazz hasn’t been exactly the most popular American music, which is unfair really. I think by having so much jazz in what we've done, by hiring guys like saxophonists Phil Woods and Wayne Shorter, our fans wanted to hear more of those guys and they bought their albums. Walter and I owe so much to all those jazz players.

    JazzWax tracks: Donald's four solo albums are The Nightfly (1982), Kamakiriad (1993), Morph the Cat (2006) and Sunken Condos (2012). 

    JazzWax clips: Here's Donald and Walter in Nashville in 1993 performing Donald's I.G.Y....

    Here's Green Flower Street...

    Here's Deacon Blues several years ago...

    And here's My Old School in 1973...

    Bobby Hutcherson: The Kicker

    It's unclear why Bobby Hutcherson's The Kicker wasn't released by Blue Note until 1999, despite being recorded in 1963. As far as I can tell, the album is flawless. It swings, it's engaging, the musicians on the session were spectacular and there don't appear to be any instrumental errors or microphone snafus.

    Arch Martin: New Jazz From K.C.

    In 1959, trombonist Arch Martin recorded a superb album for Zephyr Records, a Hollywood label that specialized in jazz and was distributed by GNP. The album was New Jazz From Kansas City, which featured Arch Martin (tb), Dick Busey (ts), Jay Shore (p), Dave Rizer (b) and John "Terry" Tirabasso (d). Thought the album was recorded in Kansas City, the music's sound is West Coast in style.

    McCoy Tyner: Ballads & Blues

    Pianist McCoy Tyner is best known for being a member of the John Coltrane Quartet beginning in 1960. During those years, Tyner re-invented the piano as a highly percussive, stirring instrument that churned the waters for Coltrane's abstraction and expanded spiritual solos. For some strange reason, in late 1962 and the first half of 1963, Tyner was asked by producer Bob Thiele to record more straightforward jazz albums as a leader. These albums included Reaching Fourth, Today and Tomorrow,and McCoy Tyner Plays Duke Ellington. But the finest of these straightforward piano recordings was Nights of Ballads & Blues.

    Screen Shot 2017-07-17 at 8.36.29 PM
    Perhaps Thiele overheard Tyner playing standards in the studio one day and decided to record him. Or perhaps he felt that Impulse would be best served if Tyner could play two roles for the label—agent provocateur for Coltrane and elegant trio leader for the older, more relaxed set. Recorded in March 1963, Nights of Ballads & Blues featured Tyner with bassist Steve Davis and drummer Lex Humphries. They were perfectly matched.

    Screen Shot 2017-07-17 at 8.40.24 PM
    Tyner's playing is exciting and exceptional on all of the tracks: Satin Doll, We'll Be Together Again, 'Round Midnight, For Heaven's Sake, Star Eyes, Blue Monk, Groove Waltz and Days of Wine and Roses. On the album, he exhibits a reserved elegance and tenderness that reveals the other side of his personality—a lover of melody and standards. In this regard, there are traces of Oscar Peterson in his playing. Perhaps Thiele was using Tyner to take a bite out of Peterson's vast and successful early-'60s share of the jazz market.

    But Tyner's passion for modal jazz and the avant-garde seeps through in fascinating places, addition a modern flavor to many of the songs. Unfortunately, we learn little about Thiele's motive or Tyner's decision to record the album from the unsigned liner notes. What is revealing, however, are Coltrane's impressions:

    "Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane has pinned down the characteristics that have given Tyner this ability to reach an ever-widening public—'melodic inventiveness' and 'clarity of ideas.' Coltrane has also pointed out the basic reason Tyner is and has been important to the world of avant-garde jazz: 'He gets a personal sound from his instrument; and because of the clusters he uses and the way he voices them, that sound is brighter than what would normally be expected from most of the chord patterns he plays.' "


    Tyner's avant-garde work is indeed exceptional. The Real McCoy(1967) is a perfect example that more robustly illustrate Coltrane's points above. But for those less familiar with Tyner, Nights of Ballads & Blues is a fine entry point to the magnificent pianist.

    JazzWax tracks: You'll find McCoy Tyner's Nights of Ballads &Blues here.

    The album also is available at Spotify.

    JazzWax clip: Here's Tyner playing an absolutely exceptional version of Star Eyes. Dig his modal touches that season the rendition...

    And here's 'Round Midnight...

    Sonny Rollins: Copenhagen, 1968

    On February 19, 1968, tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins was in Copenhagen at the Cafe Montmartre, the city's most historic jazz club. Sonny was in fantatic form and backed by a stunning trio—pianist Kenny Drew, bassist Niels-Henning Orsted Pedersen and drummer Albert Heath. The following video went up last month and, to be frank, it is among the finest performances by Sonny that I've seen on tape. [Image of Sonny Rollins from YouTube]

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